Match List I with List II and choose the correct response : / सूची I को सूची II के साथ सुमेलित करें और सही उत्तर चुनें:
List I / सूची I
a. Vitamin Bl / विटामिन बी1
b. Vitamin B2 / विटामिन बी2
c. Vitamin B6 / विटामिन बी6
d. Vitamin B12 / विटामिन बी 12
List II / सूची II
1. Pyridoxine / पाइरिडोक्सिन
2. Cyanocobalamin / साइनोकोबालामिन
3. Thiamine / थायमिन
4. Riboflavin / राइबोफ्लेविन
(1) a-l, b-2, c-3, d-4
(2) a-2, b-3. c-4, d-l
(3) a-3, b-4, c-l, d-2
(4) a-4, b-1, c-2, d-3
(SSC (10+2) Level Data Entry Operator & LDC Exam. 10.11.2013)
Answer / उत्तर :-
(3) a-3, b-4, c-l, d-2
Explanation / व्याख्या :-
Vitamin B1: Thiamine; Vitamin B2: Riboflavin; Vitamin B6 : Pyridoxine; Vitamin B12 : Cyano-cobalamin.
विटामिन बी1: थायमिन; विटामिन बी2: राइबोफ्लेविन; विटामिन बी6 : पाइरिडोक्सिन; विटामिन बी12: सायनो-कोबालामिन।
Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. These vitamins are not as likely as fat-soluble vitamins to reach toxic levels. But niacin, vitamin B6, folate, choline, and vitamin C have upper consumption limits. Vitamin B6 at high levels over a long period of time has been shown to cause irreversible nerve damage.
A balanced diet usually provides enough of these vitamins. People older than 50 and some vegetarians may need to use supplements to get enough B12.
|Thiamine (vitamin B1)||Part of an enzyme needed for energy metabolism; important to nerve function||Found in all nutritious foods in moderate amounts: pork, whole-grain or enriched breads and cereals, legumes, nuts and seeds|
|Riboflavin (vitamin B2)||Part of an enzyme needed for energy metabolism; important for normal vision and skin health||Milk and milk products; leafy green vegetables; whole-grain, enriched breads and cereals|
|Niacin (vitamin B3)||Part of an enzyme needed for energy metabolism; important for nervous system, digestive system, and skin health||Meat, poultry, fish, whole-grain or enriched breads and cereals, vegetables (especially mushrooms, asparagus, and leafy green vegetables), peanut butter|
|Pantothenic acid||Part of an enzyme needed for energy metabolism||Widespread in foods|
|Biotin||Part of an enzyme needed for energy metabolism||Widespread in foods; also produced in intestinal tract by bacteria|
|Pyridoxine (vitamin B6)||Part of an enzyme needed for protein metabolism; helps make red blood cells||Meat, fish, poultry, vegetables, fruits|
|Folic acid||Part of an enzyme needed for making DNA and new cells, especially red blood cells||Leafy green vegetables and legumes, seeds, orange juice, and liver; now added to most refined grains|
|Cobalamin (vitamin B12)||Part of an enzyme needed for making new cells; important to nerve function||Meat, poultry, fish, seafood, eggs, milk and milk products; not found in plant foods|
|Ascorbic acid (vitamin C)||Antioxidant ; part of an enzyme needed for protein metabolism; important for immune system health; aids in iron absorption||Found only in fruits and vegetables, especially citrus fruits, vegetables in the cabbage family, cantaloupe, strawberries, peppers, tomatoes, potatoes, lettuce, papayas, mangoes, kiwifruit|
Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the body’s cells and are not excreted as easily as water-soluble vitamins. They do not need to be consumed as often as water-soluble vitamins, although adequate amounts are needed. If you take too much of a fat-soluble vitamin, it could become toxic. Your body is especially sensitive to too much vitamin A from animal sources (retinol) and too much vitamin D. A balanced diet usually provides enough fat-soluble vitamins.
|Vitamin A (and its precursor*, beta-carotene)
*A precursor is converted by the body to the vitamin.
|Needed for vision, healthy skin and mucous membranes, bone and tooth growth, immune system health||Vitamin A from animal sources (retinol): fortified milk, cheese, cream, butter, fortified margarine, eggs, liver
Beta-carotene (from plant sources): Leafy, dark green vegetables; dark orange fruits (apricots, cantaloupe) and vegetables (carrots, winter squash, sweet potatoes, pumpkin)
|Vitamin D||Needed for proper absorption of calcium; stored in bones||Egg yolks, liver, fatty fish, fortified milk, fortified margarine. When exposed to sunlight, the skin can make vitamin D.|
|Vitamin E||Antioxidant; protects cell walls||Polyunsaturated plant oils (soybean, corn, cottonseed, safflower); leafy green vegetables; wheat germ; whole-grain products; liver; egg yolks; nuts and seeds|
|Vitamin K||Needed for proper blood clotting||Leafy green vegetables such as kale, collard greens, and spinach; green vegetables such as broccoli, brussels sprouts, and asparagus; also produced in intestinal tract by bacteria|